Ophthalmic advices:Care and precautions
Care before surgery (preoperative)
To have surgery with all the guarantees is important to have a good organization and that the patient is ready.
- The day before surgery is to be able to relax, unwind and enjoy pleasurable activities for patients. Take a light dinner and do a rest.
- On the day of surgery if it is in the morning, no breakfast is available in many cases since it is not recommended to eat for a period of 6 hours before the operation. You can dine normally and sometimes it can allow a very light breakfast. After surgery you may eat as usual.
- On the morning of surgery can take the usual oral medications together with a small sip of water. In the case of diabetic patients will often be best not to take medication for diabetes.
- You must heed the doctor's team, in terms of medication should consult the need to maintain or suspend it on the day of surgery or prior.
- You can take a normal bath, washing off the shampoo, face and eyebrows.
- If possible, you should put a comfortable clothes and shoes, for example sports type or slippers to avoid jewelry and other valuables. It is important not to put on makeup, mascara or eyeliner and avoid perfumes, lotions or spray on hair.
- We recommend the appointment submitted calmly and without haste, arriving 30 minutes to an hour before. The patient must be accompanied to the clinic.
- The patient will go down operation overseen by a highly trained multidisciplinary team. Drops and all kinds of treatments that are needed before and after surgery apply. If the case of surgery requiring anesthesia, the anesthesiologist will take all measures for the pre-surgical anesthesia.
- The patient should remain in the clinic for surgery and after receiving observation care staff.
- When the procedure is finished, the ophthalmologist will explain the outcome of the intervention, will give directions and recommendations needed to take good care and agree the next date for review.
Care after surgery (postoperative)
To get the best results you need to follow the instructions of the ophthalmologist together with recommendations to avoid any risk.
- Most postoperative patients do not require admission to hospital and can go home to rest, keeping attention and healing.
- It is recommended to rest on, without excessive effort directed. Better to be in a quiet home without making major efforts, heavy lifting or bending.
- The patient can walk normally. And down stairs have a normal position except that the ophthalmologist has given any other indication in this regard or need a special positioning.
- The patient can eat a normal diet, it is recommended to avoid heavy meals, high-fat or sweet, spicy or produce heartburn or constipation.
- The patient after surgery can watch TV, listen to the radio, can read and use the computer. Regarding use the computer, we recommend thoroughly clean the keyboard and not touching your eyes, and wash hands after use.
- The patient can use the lenses prior to surgery although possibly not going to feel comfortable using them because they often need to be changed lenses after surgery and therefore changes the graduation. In the recovery of eye glasses can take comfort and protection, the sunglasses can be comfortable while protecting the discomfort of light sensitivity.
- The patient must thoroughly wash their hands regularly, especially before putting the drops. If they match drops to the other can be a 5 minute wait between drop and drop and in most cases the use of the drops only to day is recommended, that is, their placement is initiated on waking and ends at time sleep.
- You can bathe, but the bathroom should be taken to monitor the soapy water does not fall into his eyes, from the neck down. Hair can be washed with baby shampoo, always taking care not to get water in your eyes. The surface can be cleaned using a cotton swab soaked with soap and then with water.
- Must sleep leaning on the cushion opposite the operated eye. If both eyes were operated while sleeping on your back is better. This measure is recommended but depending on the case at least for a week.
Activities not permitted in the recovery
Some activities in the recovery of the eye involving the risk of infection or aggression are not allowed. The period that require extra caution is in the first 30 days.
- You have to avoid rubbing the eyes and eyelids. Makeup use is not recommended.
- You must avoid irritants such environments with heavy dust or smoke.
- You have to avoid bathing in pools or in the sea until further notice.
- You can not make very vigorous running or contact sports such as football, martial arts or at risk of eye injury like tennis or basketball.
Normal situations of the postoperative
Eye surgery is very noble and although an operation, used to be well tolerated, causing minimal discomfort. The discomfort that explain more patients deal with eye irritation, presenting eye redness, tearing, blurred vision and sometimes pain and sensitivity to light. In some cases you may notice more sensitivity to flicker. Discomfort is most important in the first 24-72 hours and are decreasing with time.
The family and the environment can help patients engaged in facilitating recovery and follow the prescribed information.
In any case it is necessary to have to suffer or endure pain. Often oral analgesic treatment indicated occlusion of the eye and is made to be more comfortable. If despite treatment discomfort persists contact with the ophthalmologist.
Surgeries and procedures performed using topical anesthesia with drops anesthetic or local anesthetic directly applying around the eye. The anesthetic effect lasts a few hours, after this time may occur discomfort due to sensitivity and inflammation of the eye, as in any operation. If this situation arises you can take an analgesic that the ophthalmologist will indicate you.
In some cases the application of the drops can cause the eyes to a lot of tear and may be normal for fluid buildup temporarily look a little distorted or symptoms are present. This effect is temporary and resolves with the blink facilitates the tear redistributed.
If the application of the drops produce excessive discomfort is advisable to contact the ophthalmologist to put on notice, it is not recommended to discontinue treatment without supervision. Some drops may cause irritation by its components and in some cases allergies can occur in sensitive individuals.
It is very important to keep the controls required by the ophthalmologist.
The end result and the recovery process does not end with eye surgery, you need to follow some guidelines, making treatment and follow up to ensure success. Although eye surgery was successful, it is still surgery and there are risks mainly related to infection and inflammation of the eye by the same procedure. These risks occur very rarely if treatment indications and appropriate controls are followed. It need not be a concern but if care, prevention and awareness.
It is important to see the state in which is located the eye after surgery and monitor changes as they arise. This encompasses not only his eye but also the patient and his environment.
Situations that may require special consideration in the postoperative
In some situations a reassessment with the ophthalmologist after surgery may be needed ahead of the indicated controls.
You have to be aware that it is painful and / or very intense flare-eye, loss of vision or inside the eye turns white redness. It is also important to ensure that there is mucus in the eyelids. Together, these changes could make us think of an eye infection, which despite being a very rare situation is serious and the improved result when the patient is cared for and treated with priority.