Ophthalmic advices:Entothelial cell count

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Endothelial cell count is an ophthalmologic study of the cornea from the analysis of cells found at the endothelium. Can assess the number of cells and their characteristics: size, shape and density.

The endothelium is an inner layer of the cornea which is formed by cells that are very important for the proper functioning and nutrition of the cornea. If cells are inadequate in number or function can lose the transparency of the cornea. The number of endothelial cells decreases progressively with age and can be affected by diseases of the cornea, such as corneal dystrophies or inflammations of the eye.

Allows studying the endothelium of a patient and diagnose diseases of the cornea and the ocular surface. Also determine in many cases the type of disease, even before they can diagnose clinically, the degree of impairment, monitor progress and evaluate treatment options.


Action occurs through a computer that forms an image of the cornea very detailed level. Is performed by specular microscopy and laser. In which an image can be identified corneal endothelial cells is formed.


The decision of the study will be conducted in accordance with the patient and the ophthalmologist, jointly assessing the ophthalmologic examination with other studies. It is commonly used to study the structure of the cornea in some specific diseases such as corneal dystrophies, eye inflammations and to determine whether a patient may be a candidate for cataract surgery in special situations.


The procedure of corneal endothelial count is simple and convenient. The patient sits looking through a computer and are taking pictures. The study is fast, with a duration of 5 minutes.