Ophthalmic advices:Eyelid inflammation (blepharitis)

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A blepharitis of both eyelids

Eyelid inflammation (blepharitis) is a condition of the eyelids, in which inflammation of the eyelid margin and eyelashes occurs and can secondarily affect the ocular surface and tear quality. Blepharitis is a common cause of discomfort.

Cause

The cause of blepharitis is a blockage of the glands in the eyelids and eyelashes, affecting the quality of the tear and promoting ocular surface irritation. In most cases it is due to infection and accumulation of fat in the eyelids.

There is increased risk in patients who tend to have oily skin, dandruff or dry eyes. It can be associated with skin diseases that cause dandruff hair and eyebrows (seborrheic dermatitis) or redness of the face and acne-like lesions (rosacea).

Symptoms

The discomfort of blepharitis can be mild, intermittent or occasional as intense discomfort, even in the most serious cases can affect vision. In blepharitis inflammation, itching and redness of the eyelid margin appears. Scaling is observed, like dandruff and crusts on the eyelids and eyelashes. Patients present with irritation of the eyes and eyelids; with eye redness, burning, foreign body sensation, together with tearing. Typically discomfort are more pronounced in the morning when you wake up, may even be glued eyelids. Blepharitis favor the occurrence of styes and chalazions.

Diagnosis

The diagnosis is made in an eye examination with a detailed examination eyelids and eyelashes. You can make a gentle manipulation of the eyelid edge to see out the secretion of the eyelids in some cases. May be necessary to do a culture of microorganisms growing on the edge of the tabs that may favor blepharitis. treatment

Treatment

Treatment for blepharitis is medical. In mild cases only measures with neutral soaps toilet lid is required. In more severe cases may be associated Antibiotic ointments and in more serious cases may require oral antibiotics. Sometimes your ophthalmologist can add a treatment with artificial tears and weak corticosteroids to decrease inflammation and improve comfort. Blepharitis is a chronic condition that presented episodes followed annoyances from other unaffected. It is necessary to maintenance treatment and regular eye examinations.