Ophthalmic advices:Floaters

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Impression of floaters, as seen against a blue sky

The eye floaters (vitreous detachment) are related to a condition of the retina. The interior of the eye contact and the retina lens is a gel called vitreous. The vitreous is normally transparent to allow viewing without hindrances, but opacities, which look like tiny dots moving in the field of vision may occur. People say I look like flies or clouds. It is a common eye condition that requires review by the risk of involvement of the retina.

Cause

Causing accumulations of floaters are gel (glass) that is located inside the eye and which are floating. The spots you see are actually the shadows of the gel accumulations projected on the retina. The accumulation of gel are produced along with changes in gel structure. The vitreous starts to shrink and contract due to changes in its structure, which appear spontaneously with age or trauma and inflammation in the eye. The vitreous detaches from the retina (vitreous detachment) without problems in most cases, when occurring vitreous opacities are stains. Even if the separation of the gel occurs in a rough manner, and the retina is fragile can be produced by retinal tear.

There is more risk vitreous detachment over the years in anyone, although people myopic appears before. Also in cases of injury or eye surgery, including trauma. Patients cataract surgery may notice more floaters after surgery.

Symptoms

The discomfort that the patient explains are related vision Floaters can have different shapes, small dots, circles, lines or clouds. The discomfort occur when floaters plug your view, is more marked when the head is low or attempt to read. Many of floating bodies over time will be less annoying. If you suddenly increase the size and number of floaters or flashes of light over a change may have occurred in the retina appear. Floaters can be serious when interacting with retinal tears and retinal detachment. It is important to visit the ophthalmologist under suspicion, even when the flashes are not disturbed or long.

Diagnosis

The diagnosis of vitreous detachment is a complete ophthalmic examination under examination pupil dilation to assess the retina. Small vitreous opacities that are floating are seen in conjunction with other events. It is very important to make a good review of the retina that can be found damaged.

Treatment

The floaters treatment is usually not necessary. However, they have to treat conditions of the eye which relate to the appearance of floaters. Most cases floaters are harmless and disappear over time or become less bothersome. Surgery is rarely necessary.

Treating retinal tears that may occur is the laser photocoagulation. Laser photocoagulation can seal the retina to cause a scar, can be applied in tears if it has not been presented retinal detachment, and thus the development of a release is avoided.