Ophthalmic advices:Posterior capsule opacification

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The capsule opacity is a condition in which a loss of transparency of the structure surrounding the intraocular lens capsule is called occurs. The capsule is a membrane that holds the intraocular lens like a bag and sometimes can go opacification, months or years after the cataract surgery. The process capsule opacification depends on the characteristics of the eye, the type of cataract, intraocular lens and the patient's age.

Cause

The cause of opacity is related to the same procedure of cataract surgery or with the type of cataract patients present. The origin of the movement opacification and growth of some cells that are in the bag. Cataract surgery is performed by holding the capsule surrounding the cataract, over time the capsule that is transparent becomes opaque if their cells begin to grow and develop. The process of capsule opacification depends on the characteristics of the eye, the type of cataract, the IOL and patient age.

Symptoms

The patient discomfort explaining relate to vision loss that occurs opacity behind the lens. The patient looks more blurry and less detailed. Vision may lose more at night making it difficult to drive or seeing halos around lights. The patient needs more lighting to make daily activities, because you feel you lack light and can see more subdued colors.

The opacity of the capsule will grow progressively, sometimes rapidly, and the growth is slower in others. If growth is slow at times the patient is not aware of vision loss, even after treatment with the improvement observed.

Diagnosis

The diagnosis of the opacity of the capsule is a complete ophthalmic examination under examination pupil dilation in order to have a complete view of the intraocular lens. It is observed in the area behind the lens opacity grayish or whitish depending on the density granulations, in conjunction with other events.

Treatment

Treating the opacity of the capsule is made with a laser procedure called capsulotomy. The laser level is applied to remove the capsule which are opacities in the visual viewing axis and plug.

The capsulotomy procedure is performed under topical anesthesia, ie putting numbing drops in your eye. The procedure is rapid, with approximately 5 to 10 minutes. The result of the operation is very successful, with a very rapid and satisfactory visual recovery. The patient may reinstate your daily life easily.

This procedure is successful in most cases a single application. In some cases, children with special patients with a history of retinal surgery, can present very dense opacification, rebellious to treatment and may require its removal by surgery.