Ophthalmic advices:Visual self-exploration

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The visual self-exploration if done regularly and correctly, can help in the early detection of certain diseases of the eye, but should not replace the eye tests that have to be done periodically. It is recommended that all persons eye exams at least once a year, despite having no discomfort, signs or risk of eye disease are made.

The visual self-exploration is a very simple and effective measure that can be done at any time to check the central and peripheral vision in a general way.

  • You have to check each eye separately, you can cover the other eye with your hand.
  • You have to stare at a distant point
  • The visual field that is checked to see without limitations, can help put your hand in different angles and positions
  • You have to fix on a straight surface (eg a table or a door frame) and see if the lines are straight or if they are distorted

It is important at the slightest change in vision or make a sign of ophthalmological emergency. Many eye diseases can be treated if detected early, the best option is prevention with a review in time. Early detection of a condition makes it possible to solve with a better outcome. A visit to the ophthalmologist may be crucial to save his sight.

The Amsler grid is used to detect changes in central vision. So can detect early changes in the center of the retina that would otherwise go unnoticed. This situation arises frequently in conditions like macular degeneration associated with age in high myopes in macular edema, macular holes and retinal membranes.